There has always been a divide between the Western (European) Nationalist model, and that of the Central & Eastern European models. One grew out of the rationalist philosophers and functioned more as a tool, the other grew out of German romanticist and other corresponding thinkers who brought it back to a more native perspective (though sometimes there isn’t ever even a true formalization of the philosophy in the cases of places like South Korea where there seems to be little officious doctrine on it).
It can be said that all forms of nationalism are derived from one or the other. But it can also be observed that the Western nationalists no longer think of themselves or even recognize themselves as Nationalists. Especially now, in the current age, there is a trend to think of themselves as more than Nationalists because they believe that their ideology resolves itself into a purely rational, and even ‘universal’ philosophy.
The American state began formulating that the ideologies of its society were, in fact, applicable to all nations (and perhaps this is why we have found ourselves in a thousand foreign wars to boot); we are motivated to provide a certain standard to all men all around the world, a standard that is identical to how we view our own relationship with others. Our nationalism has always been a relatively superifical one that is based off of individual liberty and rational cosmopolitanism as the scholar Hans Kohm says. This certainly echoes back into the education of any Western person.
The comedy of it is that we often deny such a thing to even be nationalism: so entrenched is the importance of this ideology within us we view it more as an abstract truth than any point open to our criticism. Of course the sense of individual liberty we have is necessary, and of course the multicultural, multi-ethnic formation of our communities are a good thing — they are the actualization of not just of our national agenda and mission, but they are also some sort of abstract universal truth of what is best for men.
In some sense this is the greatest form of Nationalism: it is the hidden Nationalism that nefariously turns even the Leftist progressive into a loyalist of the civil state.
Compare this to the Central & Eastern European brands of nationalism that has always sought to understand oneself in the context of being German. The truths and conclusions were meant only for a limited audience & culture. The same influence can be seen in characters like Michel Afleq of Syria who have seen his own contextualization for an ‘Arab nationalism,’ or any other manifestation in places like India or Korea. Admittedly, I am no expert in these, but there is a palpably different mission in these areas, although to some degree it can be said that the south Korean nationalism has essentially evaporated and become more & more like the Western nationalist models.
But the relevance of all of this has a few clear results that people won’t like:
(1) Anti-Religion: religion has ceased to serve a purpose within the context of the Western nationalist framework. Originally it could function as a loose uniter of the people, and that we could always depend on the spread of Christianity was enough that we could depend on a loose Christian humanism for lack of a better word.
Christianity functioned as a phase one within the ‘rationalist, cosmopolitan’ state. Christianity served to be an ideological cudgel against the idea of racism and against the ideas of ethnic natioanalism, and in many senses it can be said to have been a formidable tool in the full ingratiation of non-whites to the European elements there.
But, Christianity is entirely incompatible with the Phase Two: the rationalist cosmopolitan conclusion is one that is now rooted in creating an even greater aquarium of culture (a Gellner concept we will go into some other day), where religion should not even stand as a barrier to unity.
Religion gets into the way of exaggerated concepts of personal liberty (that are now no longer distinguishable from perosnal indulgence) and so religion is cut from the Western Nationalist doctrine. We see it in all of the nations who no longer see a purpose to side with Christian doctrine, and we now see more hostile denunciations of Christendom, increasing even since the 80s, and an allowance & endorsed tolerance in the media and films for such an advance.
Defanging Christianity is also a goal because it defeats whatever traditionalist elements remain within Western society. The Traditionalist elements are always the most dynamic and flammable aspects of any society, and so the goal of the Western Nationalists, who never have had a deep nationalism, has always been to defeat those who would otherwise hijack these movements in a very potential way.
Even Hans Kolm has noted that it is the Central or Eastern nationalist stance that has the greater potentialities (& risks) that go with it. It could be said that the Western nationalism has only functioned as a tool of the Capitalist system that has been its largest proponent and driving force even after the enlightenment, rationalist philosophies have ceased to be great contributors to it.
(2) Libertarianism Final Phase for Conservatives
Libertarianism rears its head as a philosophy and it is meant to be the last bastion of anyone who identifies as a conservative — it is the last ideology that, at all, tips any hat to any sort of tradition, and the tradition itself it serves is only that of excessive individual liberty prioritized over any traditional identity.
It matches the attitude of the rationalist cosmopolitanist who desires the destruction of the traditionalist principles that have always acted as a barrier to it.
It seems to be that the formation of a libertarian standpoint is less of a throwback to 19th century philosophical inspiration and more of the result of the anti-religion success to remove any sense of traditionalist cultural values within the American conservative philosophy.
Conservatism is stripped bare & left as a hollow, husk of an ideology — the husk, of course, being Libertarianism. The movement is boiled down to just the few, naked, skeletal conceptualizations that alone can be viewed as servile to the Capitalist institutions that directed this entire campaign.
You will also notice how utterly dull these philosophies serve to be; they have very few conclusions but only exist as static, blunt devices that are not meant to have large impacts on individuals but encourage them to remain as non-dynamic cogs within the wheels of Capitalist consumerism.
This is only a small piece of writing but I felt like putting it out there to simply show that the anti-religious & Libertarian sentiments are a planned part of the overall system; too often we perceive this as some heroic or dynamic change within our society but, in reality, they are planned phenomena.